### B.tech Courses (L-T-P-S-C structure)

Classification of signals and systems, various system representation techniques, differential, difference and state-space representations, Fourier transforms and series, application to analysis of systems, Laplace transform, its properties, and its application to system analysis,Sampling of continuous signals and sampling theorem, Z-transforms, its properties and applications, Random variables and random process, characterization of random variables and random process, linear systems and random signals. |

Introduction to binary arithmetic, Boolean algebra, K-maps and logic gates: Number base conversion, theorems on Boolean algebra, simplification of Boolean functions using K-maps, logic gates and their applications Design of combinational circuits: Design of basic combinational circuits including adders, subtractors, encoders, decoders, multiplexers/de-multiplexers, encoders/decoders, code convertors. Design of sequential circuits: Design of basic memory circuits (latch), flip-flops, counters, and shift registers. Introduction to digital logic families: Study of DTL, TTL, ECL, CMOS, BiCMOS logic families. Data processing and conversion: Sample and hold circuits, ADCs and DACs; Basic memory circuits ROM, RAM and PLA. |

1. Implementation of digital logic using switching circuits. 2. Study of universal gates. 3. Design of a 1-bit Full Adder/Subtractor using logic gates. 4. Design and implementation of a 4-bit binary ripple adder using logic gates. 5. 4 X 3 bit binary multiplier using logic gates. 6. Review of lab projects 7. Mid semester exam 8. Study of code converters. (BCD to excess-3, binary to gray and gray to binary) 9. Study of combinational MSI circuits – 1-bit half/full adder, 1-bit half/full subtractor and 1-bit magnitude comparator. 10. Study of sequential circuits –Implementation of Flip-Flops 11. Design of a synchronous decade counter. 12. Design of 4-bit parallel input serial output (PISO) shift-register. 13. End semester exam 14. Final demonstration of lab projects |

Transformer and its applications, General features of polyphase AC machines, The polyphase induction machine The polyphase synchronous machine, The single phase motor, The stepper motors, The DC machine. |

Transformer and its applications, General features of polyphase AC machines, The polyphase induction machine The polyphase synchronous machine, The single phase motor, the stepper motors, the DC machine. |

Mathematical basics for linear control systems, Feedback and its features, Common components for control engineering, Time response analysis in linear analog domain, Time response analysis in linear digital domain, Root-locus concepts in analog and digital domain, Frequency response analysis, Stability of linear systems in analog and digital domains, Controller design in analog and digital domain (different methods), Details of state variables in analog and digital domains, Lyapunov stability analysis. |

Overview of network analysis techniques, Network theorems, Transient and steady state sinusoidal responses. Network graphs and their applications in network analysis, Resonance, Coupled Circuits, Two-port networks, Z,Y,h and transmission parameters, combination of two ports, Analysis of common two ports, Network functions, parts of network functions obtaining a network function from a given part. Network transmission criteria; delay and rise time, Scattering matrix and its application in network analysis, Elmore’s and other definitions of cascading. Elements of network synthesis techniques. Butterworth and chebyshev Approximation. |

Diode and its applications, BJT based amplifier and its biasing schemes, MOSFET and/or based amplifier and its biasing schemes, Study of feedback741 based op-amp and its applications, Introductions to data converters, waveform generators and PLL, Introduction to recent advancements in analog circuit arena. |

BJT characteristics and single-multistage amplifier, Current source, Diode and its application as a FWR, BJT based differential amplifier, Op-amp 741 IC and its applications |

Review of Fourier series and Transforms. Hilbert Transforms, Band pass Signal and System Representation.Random Processes, Stationarity, Power Spectral Density, Gaussian Process, Noise. Amplitude Modulation, DSBSC, SSB, VSB: Signal Representation, Generation and Demodulation. Frequency Modulation: Signal Representation, Generation and Demodulation. Mixing, Super heterodyne Receiver, Phase Recovery with PLLs. Noise: in AM Receivers using Coherent Detection, in AM Receivers using Envelope Detection, in FM Receivers. Sampling, Pulse-Amplitude Modulation. Quantization, Pulse-Code Modulation. Noise Considerations in PCM. Time Division Multiplexing, Delta Modulation. |

Generation of sequences and sequencing operations. Generation of random signals and performing different operations on them. Amplitude modulation and demodulation. Amplitude modulation and demodulation with AD633 (Analog Multiplier IC). FM modulation using IC555 and demodulation using slope detector. FM demodulation using slope detector: Demodulate the FM signal generated from the 555-timer (as VCO) using a slope detector circuit. Generation of PAM signals and reconstruction. Generate a pulse width modulated (PWM) and pulse position modulated (PPM) signal waveform by processing an analog signal. |

Vector Analysis: Review of vector algebra, vector calculus, and coordinate systems. Plane waves: Review of Maxwell’s equations, Wave propagations in unbounded medium; Boundary conditions; Reflection and transmission of plane waves. Transmission Lines Transmission Lines: Distributed parameter approach; Traveling and standing waves; Impedance matching, Smith chart and design. Waveguides: parallel-plane guide, TE, TM and TEM waves, rectangular and cylindrical waveguides, resonators. Planar transmission lines: Stripline; microstripline. Applications of numerical techniques. Radiation: Retarded potentials, Antenna parameters; Hertzian dipole, short loop. Radio-wave propagation: ground-wave, sky-wave, space-wave. |

Introduction: Introduction to simulation software (PSICE and HFSS) and Laboratory equipments and instruments PSPICE: Simulation of lumped element delay line and transmission line, HFSS: Simulation of transmission line in different modes, Microwave Test Bench: Experiments using Microwave test bench |

Introduction, Power Semiconductor Devices, Magnetics, DC-DC Converters, AC-DC Converters, DC-AC Converters AC-AC converters. |

Power transaction between utilities in real-time, Network Planning, Overhead transmission line parameters, Reactive power requirement and slow voltage dynamics, Fault at generators, Fault clearance to maintain generator stability Economics of real-time power generation |

Essential fundamentals of power networks: Evolution of utility generation, transmission, and distribution – economies of scale. Daily load curves, type of generation resources and their allocation. Generic operation of generating units, intro to AGC. Normal, alert, and emergency modes. The Indian power industry Importance of reactive power management; HVDC and FACTS. Symmetrical components and unbalanced systems. Per-unit quantities. Apparatus in power networks:Transformers and tap changers. Synchronous generators. Transmission lines and cables. HVDC. Loads and power quality. Analysis and operation:Various aspects of power flows. Steady state, transient, dynamic, and voltage stability. SMIB and SLIB systems. Swing equations. Control of large interconnected power networks. Protection: Breakers and their role in protection. Relay coordination and circuit breakers. Balanced and unbalanced fault calculations. Management of utilities: The vertical utility and decentralized systems. Operational economics of the power industry: economic load dispatch and unit commitment. Privatisation, deregulation, and energy markets. |

Power transacti on between utilities in real-time, Network Planning, Overhead transmission line parameters, Reactive power requirement and slow voltage dynamics, Fault at generators, Fault clearance to maintain generator stability, Economics of real-time power generation, Evaluations/Lab Exam |